Monday, December 8, 2008

PCS Grand Prix 3

K-1 Team Results

1. Everglades-11.5
2. John Smith-6.5
3. Amelia Earhart-4.5
4. South Miami Heights-3.5
5. Rainbow Park 3.5
6. Bayharbor-1.0

K-1 Individual Results

1. Juliana Piloto- Everglades
2. Victor Wang-John Smith
3. Antonio Inastrilla- Everglades
4. Jalen Peterson- Rainbow Park
5. Jonathan Karpenkoph- Amelia Earhart
6. Kevin Alemna South Miami Heights

K-3 Team Results

1. Olympia Heights-14
2. Everglades-13.5
3. South Miami Heights-11
4. Bay Harbor-10
5. Amelia Earhart-9
6. Rainbow Park- 5
7. Pinecrest-4

K-3 Individual Results

1.Phillip Silva- Olympia Heights-5
2.Gabriel Lee-4
3. Amanda Morales- Amelia-4
4. Emmanuel Largusan- Bay Harbor-4
5. Eugenie Li- Pinecrest-4
6. Ajay Sukhwani- Everglades-4
7. Julian Perez-Doval- Everglades-3.5
8. Ethan Sanjuro- Everglades-3.5
9. Kevin Levia- Olympia Heights-3.0
10. Alexander Estrella- Olympia Heights-3.0

K-5 Team Results

1.Amelia Earhart-18.5
2. South Miami Heights-15.5
3. Olympia Heights- 14
4. Bay Harbor 13
5. FC Martin- 9
6. Everglades- 8
7. DSA- 5.5
8. Flagler- 3.5
9. Flagami- 1

K-5 Indidvidual Results

1. Joshua Mollineda- Amelia-5
2. Elizabet Alfonso- Amelia-5
3.Jesus Gonzalez-Amelia-4.5
4. Dimitri Klepak- Bay Harbor-4
5. William Santos-Olympia Heights-4
6. Christyan Garcia- Everglades-4
7. Lazaro Gonzalez- Amelia- 4
8. Christian Disla-South Miami Heights-4
9. Jorge Salmeron- South Miami Heights-4
10. Erik Hernandez-South Miami Heights-4

Thursday, December 4, 2008

2009 South Regional

2009 South Regional
Saturday January 17, 2009
1st Round 9:30 AM

Location: John A. Ferguson Senior High 15900 SW 56 Street Miami 33185

Sections: K-1, K-3, K-5, K-8, K-12
USCF membership required

Time Controls: G/30- 5 Round SS (bring chess sets)

Entry Fee: $15 if received by January 15th $20 thereafter
Any and all registrations received after January 15th will receive an automatic 1st round, ½ point bye NO EXCEPTIONS NON-NEGOTIABLE.

Prizes: Top 10 Individual Trophies & Top 5 Team Trophies

Registration Form

Print Name:______________________________USCF#_______________

School ____________________________Section & Grade _____________

Register by e-mailing or mailing to the contact information below:
Make checks payable to: DSCA
Mailing Address: 18495 South Dixie Highway #323 Miami, Fl 33157-6817

Tuesday, October 21, 2008

South Region Center Tournament

K-8 Individual Champions
(Centennial Middle Team Winners)

K-5 Team Champions (South Miami Heights)

K-3 Team Champions (South Miami Heights)

K-1 Team Champions (South Miami Heights)

K-5 Individual Champions

K-3 Individual Champions

K-1 Individual Champions

Wednesday, October 8, 2008

2009 South Regional Date Set for January 17th

2009 South Regional
Saturday January 17, 2009
1st Round 9:00 AM

Location: John A. Ferguson Senior High 15900 SW 56 Street Miami 33185

Monday, October 6, 2008

Chess Teacher Recognized by Adopt-a-Classroom

Teachers get a surprise -- free school supplies
Dedicated teachers in South Florida and across the country got some unexpected help: $1,000 in school supplies.


Just this weekend, fifth-grade science teacher Nakitta Bryant went shopping for school supplies. Her wish list was long, but money was short.

So the timing could not have been better on Wednesday when Bryant was one of 1,300 teachers nationwide -- and more than two dozen locally -- to be surprised with a giant box filled with school supplies as part of an event called A Day Made Better.

''We have goodies,'' Bryant told her students at Larkdale Elementary near Fort Lauderdale as she took in the jumble of scissors, sticky notes, pencils, markers and other supplies.

''I needed this,'' she said more than once as she pulled out items and delighted over them with the kids.

''A sharpener that works!'' exclaimed Bralen Brown, 11.

Bryant, who has been teaching for three years, said she has spent about $100 of her own money so far this school year -- an amount, she said, that is ``not too bad.''

Lakedria Moultry, 12, teared up as she watched Bryant's delight.

''She's like a special teacher,'' she said. ``She works with the kids a lot. She's nice. And she's thankful.''

It was the same scene at Toussaint Louverture Elementary in Little Haiti, where fourth-grade reading and writing teacher Marie Michelle Duplan was similarly surprised.

''It looks like I'm not going to buy supplies for the rest of the year,'' said Duplan, who said she usually doles out $400 to $500 a year for classroom needs. ``Plus I can share with my colleagues.''

Like the class at Larkdale Elementary in Broward, Duplan was happy to see the electric pencil sharpener. The one she bought on the first day of school had already broken.


Duplan, who also oversees the school's chess team, said she was excited to receive a digital camera because now she can take pictures of the students when they compete in tournaments.

A teacher since 1983, Duplan said she never expected to show up to work Wednesday and find herself in the spotlight.

''I give myself to the kids,'' she said. ``My reward is when they do well.''

The school's principal, Liliane Delbor, said Duplan's students have been doing exceptionally well since the educator came to the school three years ago.

''We have seen continuous progress,'' Delbor said. ``She's a leader because she has taken other teachers under her wing and trained them.''

At schools throughout the country, teachers who were nominated by their principals found themselves with $1,000 worth of supplies -- from $80 scissor packs to $250 digital cameras, courtesy of OfficeMax.

Wednesday's event was organized by the Miami-based nonprofit Adopt-a-Classroom, which reached out to tens of thousands of schools throughout the country and matched the schools and teachers with the retailer, said founder and executive director James Rosenberg.

Congratulations to our good friend Marie Duplan. We are proud of you. She is a fantastic writing teacher and does so much for her community.Check out the video clip below and see how Toussaint touts chess.

Tuesday, September 23, 2008

Kosteniuk Women's World Champion

Congratulations to our friend GM Alexandra Kosteniuk, her husband Diego and daughter Francesca on her victory over 14 year old Hou Yifan of China in the 14th World Women's Championship in Nalchik, Russia. Alexandra has been very generous with her works and deeds . When in Miami she is always willing to support Miami-Dade Public School chess programs. She has donated her time, books, and her namesake computer program to our students. We appreciate all she has done for our students and celebrate her victory. See an interview by Jerry Hanken below and links to websites relative her victory.

USCF Home Chess Life Online 2008 September Interview With Alexandra Kosteniuk Interview With Alexandra Kosteniuk
By Jerry Hanken
September 24, 2008

In a CLO exclusive, Chess Journalists of American president Jerry Hanken interviews the champion, mediaqueen, runner and mother about her road to the title, her plans as the champ and how to attract more women to chess.

Jerry Hanken (JH) : How did it feel in the moment you made the draw and clinched your first Women World Championship title?
GM Alexandra Kosteniuk (AK): I was so tired, the world championship seemed eternal, and we were in Nalchik almost one full month. In the knockout system you always have another match to play after you win. I am not even sure I understood totally that it was over and there would not be another game the next day. Well in fact of course I was also so happy, I had finally reached my goal. What a relief, I was waiting for this moment for such a long time, probably since I missed my chance in 2001...

JH: Can you comment on your young opponent's play in the final match?
AK: I must say that Hou Yifan is absolutely amazing. She is incredibly gifted. In the past I was often the youngest or among the youngest in tournaments, in fact in my last try at the World Championship Finals in 2001, I was only 17 and it was a sensation, well now I was shocked to see that while I am still pretty young at 24, Hou Yifan is a full ten years younger than me! When I prepared for my match against her, the earliest game I could find in the database for her was in 2003... About her play, I can say she has a keen sense when trying to get the initiative, when to open the center, how to complicate matters. She calculates variations very well. The areas where I may have some edge would be the strategic moments where experience is beneficial, for example in openings like the Ruy Lopez where it takes years to get a good feeling of how to play the middle game correctly. Taking into consideration Hou Yifan's age, it seems clear to me that she is in a very strong position to become women's world champion one day.

JH: Please share with our readers your journey to the Championship, the format and the steps you took to get you where you are now.
AK: I always say that chess is a "fair game" in the sense that it gives back to you what you give to it. The more you study chess, the better you will become, and that's a fact proven over and over again. When I looked at my games 2-3-4 years ago, I had many problems in the openings, so I went about the study of openings very seriously, expanded my repertoire (for example I started playing the Ruy Lopez, before I only played the Sicilian), and against 1.d4 I started playing new lines. With White also, I have alternate lines that I play now. That makes it much more difficult for opponents to prepare against me. While openings are important, it's equally important to study the middle game, endgame, and chess studies. While I was pregnant with my baby Francesca, I did a lot of work and read many chess books I never had a chance to finish before. Then this year, I started training since February at home in Miami, running each morning 5 kilometers, participating in races, and studying chess like never before. I wanted to see if I could come back as strong as before, I made it a point I wanted to prove to myself I could do it. The world championship was announced in Argentina in June, but was later moved to Russia in August. This actually turned out quite good for me, because it gave me two additional months to train, and the home crowd certainly also helped, especially at the end when I became the last player from my country. In short, it's hard work and good physical form that pushes you to the top.

JH: When Bobby won the World Championship in 1972, he promised he would be a playing Champ but was the opposite. Do you intend to be a "playing" Champion?
AK: I certainly feel a great responsibility as world champion, and will play and promote chess as much as I can during my tenure. I have already agreed to play in the Chess Olympiad in November, and in just one week I will be flying to China to participate in the First Mind Sports Games, which may be the key to bringing chess to the Olympic Games. I will continue as hard or even harder in my web activities , for example adding many episodes to my ChessQueen YouTube channel, as well as my free podcasts Chess is Cool and Chess Killer Tips.

JH: Did you have any one moment of doubt after your nice first game victory when you felt the pressure?
AK: It was important for me to win the first game against Hou, especially in a nice style with Black in the Ruy Lopez. That made it quite difficult for Hou to select a good line for the third game with White. But in chess one can never be sure of anything... in the second and third games I was close to winning but let my advantage slip away.

JH: Tell us your thoughts as you played the last game.. Some say you could have won that game easily but took the draw to clinch the title. Is that so?
AK: My last game was very difficult. Normally with White it should be possible to draw without problems, there are many opening variations that give forced draws, unavoidably. However, if one player wants to complicate matters, it usually is possible to do so. I wanted to play quietly, but Hou played very well, she countered with a good ...b5 and that led to great complications, in which we both had only moves to play or face possible defeat. At the end I had survived all her tries, and even had a winning continuation, but I was not looking to humiliate my opponent, all I needed was to win the match, and a draw was all I wanted. As soon as I saw the perpetual check I took it, I did not even think twice.

JH: On a more general level, who taught you most about chess-anyone living or long dead? If you had to choose one player of the past or present to spend an afternoon with on a social as well as a chess basis, who would it be?
AK: That is always a very difficult question to answer. I try to learn from all great players, not from only one. I admire all world champions, who, having reached their goal, continue to search for better play. I have studied in great detail most classics, like Bobby Fischer's 60 memorable games, the matches of Botvinnik and Tal, among others, Kasparov's books, and they all have contributed to my learning. I'm not sure with whom I'd like to spend an afternoon...well, actually, I have often met with Kramnik while in Paris, he is a very nice person, and I hope he will win his next match against Anand next month. Kramnik was one of the first people to call me on the phone after I won the world championship title.

JH: Tell us a little about your husband Diego, and what part he plays in your current chess career. I know Diego is a fine photographer. In what other areas does he put in his time and energy, if any?
AK: I met Diego at a chess simul in Switzerland, he was on a trip in between the USA and Russia. Two years after that we got married in St. Petersburg. Diego helps me so that I can train on chess without thinking of anything else. He works also on the web sites, and he puts together my podcasts and other videos.

JH: Can you articulate for our readers your chess philosophy? Is it an art, as the late Eduard Gufeld held, or science, a view strongly espoused by the great chess writer and IM John Watson and the current US Senior Champion IM Larry Kaufman?
AK: For the moment I feel chess is mostly a sport. It's very competitive and you need to be in good physical form to play well. Furthermore, it is an unending source of joy for the beautiful wins it provides. It is also an unending source of self-improvement, since any loss is purely due to your own mistakes, and one can learn from one own's mistakes. Chess also lets you search for perfection, and you can take a try at it in each and every game, which is something very difficult to do in other areas of life. Chess is the coolest of games, that's for sure!

JH: Please tell our readers, if you kindly will, which activities outside of chess things interest you?
AK: I try to do as many things as possible outside of chess. Now that I have my wonderful little baby Francesca, of course I take time with her, play with her and see her grow. I also meet with my friends, several of whom also are young mothers, such as French champion Almira Skripchenko. I also like to do many kinds of sports, like playing tennis, skiing, bicycling. I like to go to the movies, I read a lot. Life is so short and there are so many things to do, I usually accept new challenges, I like to do things I've never done before. Of course that's when I have time over after the 6+ hours of chess I train each day...

JH: Here in the US, female players are relatively scarce. The USCF has only about five percent of membership and this has held steadily for many years. I don't know the stats of other countries but in America, I see this as a vast untapped market. What suggestions or ideas do you have to reach out to this market?
AK: I think that chess is a very good game for young girls. At the learning stage there is no difference between boys and girls, and so chess shows girls they can be the leaders. Girls have no reason to be afraid of boys, intellectually certainly. And chess is a tool where they can prove objectively that they are smart. Young girls should see examples of other young girls who are successful at chess, and for whom chess has been a blessing. Chess lets you make friends, chess helps you travel, chess proves to everybody you're smart. And if you're smart for chess, chances are that you are smart for other things too.

JH: You are an award-winning member of the Chess Journalists of America(CJA). Tell us your thoughts on this organization and how it has been part of your chess writing, a separate area in which you excel?
AK: I am proud of being a member of the CJA, I think it is very important to write about chess and to get the word out that it's a wonderful game. Every member of the CJA is doing a great job of promoting chess, and they do it in a variety of ways. Nowadays it's no longer only writing in newspapers and magazines, all kinds of journalism activities are needed, from radio to video podcasts to blogs to chess photography. All these varieties of chess journalism make our game grow more popular, and I am glad the CJA is evolving with our times. I wish more people who have chess blogs and promote chess in schools and on the web would join the CJA, as the more we are, the more effect we can make in the world to show how wonderful chess really is.

Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Stormont Kings Kickoff Season at Ammons Middle



9am – 2:30pm

Everyone that participates will receive a trophy or a prize! Food and snacks will be sold at the chess tournament to raise money for the Ammons Middle Chess Club.

There will be all levels of play including children that just learned as well as advanced players. USCF Membership is required and can be purchased at the time of registration.

Location: Ammons Middle
17990 SW 142 Ave
Miami, FL

Entry Fee: $15 by 10/25/08, At the door $20
USCF Dues: $17 for 12 & under, $19 for 14 & under, $25 for Youth

Note: Children registering at the door may not play the first game.

Mail and make checks to: Chris Stormont
10741 SW 43 Lane
Miami, FL 33165

Contact Info: Chris Stormont

Tuesday, September 9, 2008

2008-09 Professional Chess Services Schedule

The PCS schedule is as follows:

October 18
November 8
December 6
January 11
February 14
March 14
April 18
All tournaments are at
Doral Middle NW 112TH AVENUE
MIAMI, FL 33178

Thursday, September 4, 2008

Title I Posts Schedule on Master Calendar

Title I Meeting Wednesday September 10, 2008 @ SBAB Auditorium 2:00-3:30

South Regional Center October 11, 2008 @ Centennial Middle
South Central Regional Center November 15, 2008 @ Booker T. Washington
North Central Regional Center December 13, 2008 @ Booker T. Washington
North Regional Center January 24, 2009 @ Booker T. Washington
Regional Winners Championship May 2, 2009 @ TBA

Every year either Region 1 or Regions 5 & 6 alternate kicking off the Title I season. Here is an idea to make it fair for all. How about next year instead of the North Regional Center going first, the SC Regional Center goes next and the following year the NC Regional Center and so forth. This way every Region has to start out the year playing their Regional in October.

Another suggestion is to either make these tournaments rated or stop entering USCF ratings to create pairings. This practice rewards children who play in USCF rated tournaments. Either it is a rated tournament or not. It is wrong to pair students using USCF ratings in a non-rated tournament. The swiss-system is designed to find the best player anyway. Let the kids play it out.

Tuesday, June 3, 2008

These Rooks Rule

These Rooks rule when it comes to chess

School was almost over and with it the Edison Park Rooks' season, which had, all things considered, been pretty great.
The trophy corner in the elementary school's upstairs library is stuffed: one national title, a couple district and regional championships that paved the way for fifth place at the Florida Invitational Super Stars tournament and sixth place in the Open Division at states.
But this, as Mr. Charles pointed out, was no reason not to practice.
So here were the Rooks, sitting at the little desks in Mr. Charles' art room at 4 p.m. on a Tuesday afternoon with chess sets out and pieces clicking.
Some of them are going on to sixth grade next year, cause for concern for any sane fifth-grader. And if that fifth-grader uses a lot of SAT-style words, doesn't care for sports of any sort and plays an ancient board game three hours a day?
''Torture,'' said 12-year-old Milton Canton, the Rooks' No. 1.
''Don't remind me of the dreadful day,'' said his best friend, Woody Jean-Louis, 11.
''I don't know the place as well as this school,'' said Luis Delacruz, 11. ``And my friends -- I don't want to lose them.''
There was quiet for a while, as Sicilian Defenses developed and pawns sacrificed for the greater good. Milton leaned low over his board, slammed the queenside rook to the back rank; newspaper reporter beaten, he lost interest and looked around for fresh meat.
Edison Park sits on the edge of Liberty City, in the shadow of Interstate 95. In FCAT parlance, it's a ''C'' school. Its students scored below the county mean in every subject test in every grade.
Rooks parents work as hotel maids, tow truck drivers and security guards, with a couple teachers and nurses thrown in the mix. Nine of every 10 Edison Park students receive free or reduced lunches.
Most who don't move away or get into one of the magnet schools will one day matriculate to Miami Edison Senior High, site of what was practically a pitched battle between students and school police this year.
You probably heard about that.
You probably didn't know the Rooks won all those titles, or that Milton placed seventh out of all the 250 players there.
All of which, of course, keeps Webber Charles on a slow burn. Mr. Charles is 28, teaches art, has tattoos down both arms and drives a silver Porsche. He loves diagrams, fork-pin-deflect lectures and winning, and has a sense of social justice fine-tuned by five years in the Miami-Dade public school system. ''There's only acknowledgement when negative things happen in the community,'' he said. ``There's a perception that these kids can't learn no matter who you put in a classroom. I disagree totally. If we get the same structure, the same resources, you're going to get results.''
So Mr. Charles and the chess team have gone high-octane, like a big-time athletic program. The school system doesn't have the resources to fund a top-level chess program -- not after this year's budget cuts -- so he's raised money from private and public charities and plain old rich people.
''My kids have three sets of uniforms,'' he said. ``They have chess clocks . . . When we travel, they eat well, there's laundry, everything's provided.''
The 16 boys and girls he coaches are ''the cream of the crop,'' signed on to the team only after aptitude tests and interviews. He reviews grades and FCAT scores and looks hard at kids in the gifted classes. But good grades don't correlate with chess ability. And the recommendations from teachers who don't play chess, in Mr. Charles' experience, tend to be ``delusional.''
''A [chess player] has to be creative, have great spatial sense, and almost a rich sense of social experience,'' he said. ``The kid who roams the streets may be a better chess player than the standard student because that kid has to make decisions on his own all the time.''
Some of the best -- like Milton -- aren't selected at all. He forced his way onto the team by practicing on his own until he could beat the coach.
There was one practice left to go, so there were no hugs or goodbyes this day. But the future was looming. It's always there. For Mr. Charles, it's roster woes: He's losing eight fifth-graders, the team core, to graduation.
''I don't think I'll be able to duplicate what we had this year -- not those kids,'' he said.
Milton was just getting used to the perks of semi-stardom. ''People are treating me differently, like a champion,'' he said. ``Some are being friends with me now.''
He'll have to start all over next year.
At least Woody'll be around. ''It's not that sad,'' Woody said. ``I really want to have more adventures.''

Tuesday, May 27, 2008

AEP Schools Dominate Title I Final

Riverside Elementary (AEP) Jarvis McClain
Scott Lake Elementary (AEP) Cheryl Polite
Norwood Elementary (AEP) Barbara Reed
Amelia Earhardt Elementary (AEP) Sandy Palacios-Garcia
Riverside Elementary (AEP) Jarvis McCLain
Flagami Elementary (AEP) Annette Perpignano
Edison Park Elementary (AEP) Webber Charles
Riverside Elementary (AEP) Jarvis McClain
Olympia Heights Elementary (AEP) Ruth Sommerfeld
Shenandoah Middle School (Elective) Israel Ordonez
Jose Marti Middle School Silvio Lores
Jose de Diego Middle School (Elective) Sergio Nieves
Miami Senior High School (Elective) Julio Aguilar
Homestead High School (Elective) Mario Deif
Mater Academy High School Jorge Leon

Thursday, May 22, 2008

Miami-Dade Chess Teachers Association Refutes Claim

Dear Ms. Dean,

Thank you for taking the time to speak with me on Saturday during the Title I CHESS tournament. I was with the group of parents and students that showed up to support all Chess programs because of our concern that Chess funds will be cut. You said that Title I CHESS would not be effected by the budget cuts. I want to make you aware that things will drastically change for all chess programs including and especially Title I CHESS next year. There will be much less participation and many programs will drop out altogether because without the continued support from all the chess funding we will lose valuable chess coaches that in turn will affect the entire chess program.
As you know, site administrators are authorized to use Title I money to support chess including to pay teachers, pay for entry fees to tournaments, and transportation etc. Principals also have the discretion to use Title I money to hire teachers, improve technology, or pay FCAT tutors among many other needs. Title I money is to support and not supplant. Many Title I schools don't even use Title I money for chess. They use AEP Chess allocations.
When AEP allocations get cut, the school will be left without funds to pay chess coaches. Without coaches to provide classes after school, organize field trips to tournaments, and recruit parent support, the chess program will lose the steady success we have seen in the past few years.
According to a Dade Chess Teacher's Association survey and the Division of Advanced Academics records, there are 100 schools using AEP (Academic Excellence Program) chess allocations. Of those 100 schools, 90 are Title I schools. The fact is that each of those Title I schools receives at least $3400 AEP money to pay a chess teacher for the year and a $250 dollar allocation for materials. Many schools, including co-national champion Edison Park Elementary (Title I school) do not use any funds from the Title I school wide allocation.
In fact, the most active and successful elementary chess programs are AEP funded including Edison Park, Amelia Earhart, Olympia Heights, Flagami, Riverside, Scott Lake, and Norwood. These schools dominated the Title I tournament this past Saturday. These schools have been paying their teachers through Advanced Academics/AEP. That is a fact. Any cuts will seriously affect these Title I schools and others less inclined to participate in authentic assessments.
The reality is that chess programs in the district are a combination of AEP, Title I, and the Division of Life Skills. There has been unprecedented growth and participation over the past three years. It has been through a combination of all these programs. Any cuts will greatly affect all of chess. Title I schools who use AEP chess allocations will be forced to dip into already budgeted resources to continue programs. With all the cuts, this seems highly unlikely. Please support NOT cutting any chess positions or programs.

Miami-Dade Chess Teachers Association

Monday, May 19, 2008

District Invitational @ Devon Aire K-8

Teacher/Coach Mr. Armesto of Key Biscayne K-8 with winners

Santa Clara Teacher/Coach Judy Flores with winners

Colonial Drive Teacher/Coach Katja Abousaleh with winners

Miami Springs Teacher/Coach Erik Peterson with winners

Hialeah Gardens Teacher/Coach Angela Granese with winners

Cutler Ridge Elementary winners with trophies

Alexandra Ochoa (scorekeeper) with winner Felipe Ochoa

District Invitational Results
1. Key Biscayne K-8 Center
2. Miami Springs
3. Colonial Drive
4. Hialeah Gardens
5. Henry S. Reeves
6. Vineland
7. Devon Aire
8. David Fairchild
9. Whispering Pines
10. Leisure City
1.Cutler Ridge
2. Hialeah Gardens
3. Santa Clara
4. Leisure City
5. Colonial Drive
6. Henry S. Reeves
7. Coral Reef
8. Devon Aire
9. Calusa
10. Oliver Hoover